To develop a master plan, points of focus or themes that bound the issues you are going to face can help in formatting the framework. Identifying the subjects in your master plan is easier if you reference principles that have the ability to capture all the issues you might uncover. These 12 principles have been formulated to help format a plan. Also, they can be used to interrogate documents to critically analyse if they have an integrated approach to the place that you are planning.
The principles are here in the briefest form introducing the concepts. In coming weeks I hope to add detail to each of the ideas and to elaborate on why each is fundamental to successful planning. Many planners would argue that planning is philosophy and sometimes even policy neutral: This is not the case. Planners have a significant impact on the way we live and how we invest our money into urban infrastructure. However, they also apply philosophical frameworks that many do not understand. I am thankful to planners and political philosophers throughout my early career who pointed out some of the pitfalls of the planning frameworks that I was referencing. So here is what I am thinking at the moment.
Drivers: what is the purpose behind having this facility here? Is it an economic, social, policy or strategic purpose and what environmental incentives or issues will arise?
Selective diversity; diversity is the backbone of adaptability and resilience, it provides for change and ensures long-term sustainability. Selecting out things that don’t fit into a place is just as important as choosing things that fit well. Its nemesis is conflicting diversity.
Smallness; A human scale enclave is primarily small, is comprehensible and well defined, this adds significantly to its appeal and character. Small units can be inserted into overwhelming places to humanise or compartmentalise them.
Access and movement are part of the planning framework. A relationship between mobility and access needs to be defined. Separating spaces that people need to ‘access’ from thoroughfares appropriate priority for the transition between ‘place’ at one end of the spectrum, and ‘mobility’ facilitates design.
Sustainability or continuance: Is this idea, concept, design or functional purpose something that will be needed and appreciated in the future?
Resilience and adaptation: Will the use, design and function change? Can an existing item can be adapted rather than demolished, will the things that we are creating be adaptable?
Identity: What sets this place apart? Can we identify a practical level of status seeking? Are the purpose and functions clear and is it well located?
Landscape; what are the natural, designed, artistic and visual characteristics that set this site apart?
Focal points and orientation: How do people find their way around and how well is it oriented to the environment and surroundings for its purpose?
Ownership: Do the key stakeholders own the solution and the methodology? Who will own and manage the site when the project is complete and do they have the capacity to continue to develop and maintain it?
Achievable Outcomes: Are the solutions feasible, can they be broken into parts that are each feasible and are the time frames realistic?
The wow factor: What is it and how will it be developed and marketed? Why was this place chosen for this function and will it be clear that it serves its purpose?
In the next post, I will elaborate on planning processes and how that should be done and then I will link these things together.